Pollinators play a vital role in the permaculture garden, serving as essential contributors to plant reproduction and overall ecosystem health. These diverse and often tiny creatures, including bees, butterflies, beetles, birds, and bats, facilitate the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs of flowering plants, enabling fertilization and the …

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The term bioaccumulators refers to the usage of perennial and annual plants that are known for their capacity to “mine” minerals and/or “secrete” substances that are very important for the garden ecosystem. While in Nature there are many, many plants that can perform the functions I will mention, I have chosen a few that are …

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